Principles of the Pilates method
- Concentration – This is necessary in the execution of any movement, so as to actively involve every part of the body, improve understanding of the body in space, refine technique and increase awareness of the posture maintained during the execution of the exercise itself.
- Control – J.H. Pilates first called his method Contrology, because of the importance that motor control has on every joint involved in a certain movement and on those involved in stabilisation and postural control.
- Centre of gravity – the area between the final part of the ribcage and the pelvis is called the Powerhouse, a sort of corset supporting the spine. One of the most important challenges for those who start practising the Pilates Method is to actively involve the Powerhouse, improving stability, strength and motor control, decreasing the risk of injury and reducing pain in the lower back and spine. The centre of gravity represents the right balance of forces, when stabilised it induces optimal expenditure of energy and builds correct posture.
- Fluidity of movement – fluidity of movement comes from the strength of the centre of gravity. Harmony, grace and fluidity, together with control and the right speed, are the objectives, and at the same time the requirements for performing the exercises safely.
- Accuracy – follows control and determines the balance of muscle tone, encouraging economy of movement both during exercise and in carrying out daily activities.
- Breathing – Fluid and complete, coordinated and functional for the correct performance of each individual exercise.